What are the symptoms to look out for? | Western Cape Government

General Publication

Create forms, guidelines, manuals, instructions, policies, public information pages, reports and research.
70

What are the symptoms to look out for?

What are the symptoms to look out for?

TB bacteria most commonly grow in the lungs, and can cause the following symptoms:

  • a bad cough that doesn't respond to medication,
  • weakness or fatigue,
  • weight loss,
  • loss of appetite,
  • night sweats,
  • pain in the chest,
  • coughing up blood or sputum (mucus from deep inside the lungs), and
  • chills caused by a fever.

Young man taking his TB medication

Anyone can get TB, but people at high risk generally fall into 2 categories:

1. People recently infected with the TB bacteria.

2. People with medical conditions that weaken the immune system, such as HIV and diabetes.

You're at increased risk for being infected if:

  • you've spent time with a person with TB,
  • you're from a country or have visited areas where TB is very common
  • you live or work where TB is more common, such as a homeless shelter, prison, or long-term care facility, or
  • you're a healthcare worker who works with clients or patients who are at increased risk for TB.
The content on this page was last updated on 1 March 2021