Chronic Illness

Chronic Care

(Service)
A chronic illness is one that continues for a long period of time or recurs over a long period of time. Some of the most common chronic illnesses are asthma and high blood pressure (hypertension). What are Chronic Diseases? Prevention and Management at Primary Health Care Level Asthma

Eye Care/Prevention of Blindness Programme

(Service)
This service aims to prevent eye conditions that could lead to blindness, and to treat people who have problems with their eyesight.Eye tests, which include using eye charts, are available at Primary Health Care Clinic (PHC level, and help to check for refractive errors like nearsightedness, farsightedness, distorted vision and "ageing eyes".

National Guidelines for the Prevention of Hearing Impairment Due to Otitis Media at Clinic Level

(Guidelines, Manuals and Instructions)
(File type: pdf; size: 108.72 KB)Department of Health (National) (The Government of South Africa)
These are cost-effective and user-friendly treatment guidelines aimed at preventing acquired hearing impairment as a result of chronic otitis media. The primary target group for prevention and treatment is children aged between zero and six years and health professionals, and the secondary target population is children between seven and 14 years of age and the general public.

National Guidelines on Foot Health at Primary Level

(Guidelines, Manuals and Instructions)
(File type: pdf; size: 131.81 KB)Department of Health (National) (The Government of South Africa)
Guidelines for the elderly and healthcare workers on identifying and treating foot problems with a view to keeping the elderly mobile.

National Guidelines on Hypertension: Programme for Control and Management at Primary Level

(Guidelines, Manuals and Instructions)
(File type: pdf; size: 69.63 KB)Department of Health (National) (The Government of South Africa)
These guidelines deal with how to effectively manage people with hypertension at primary healthcare level. Prevention of high blood pressure and education on how to do this is covered in the guidelines.

National Guidelines on Management and Control of Asthma in Children at Primary Level

(Guidelines, Manuals and Instructions)
(File type: pdf; size: 65.57 KB)Department of Health (National) (The Government of South Africa)
Guidelines for healthcare workers and for parents of children with asthma. Diagnosis, prevention and treatment at primary healthcare level are dealt with.

National Guidelines on Management of Osteoporosis at Hospital Level and Preventative Measures at Primary Level

(Guidelines, Manuals and Instructions)
(File type: msword; size: 143.5 KB)Department of Health (National) (The Government of South Africa)
Guidelines for health workers on how to educate women about the prevention of osteoporosis at primary healthcare level, how to diagnose osteoporosis and how to treat and manage patients at specialised levels of care such as hospitals.

National Guidelines on Primary Prevention and Prophylaxis of Rheumatic Fever and Rheumatic Heart Disease for Health Professionals at Primary Level

(Guidelines, Manuals and Instructions)
(File type: pdf; size: 53.98 KB)Department of Health (National) (The Government of South Africa)
Guidelines for health workers on how to prevent and treat Rheumatic Fever and Rheumatic Heart Disease in patients who present at primary healthcare level.

National Guidelines on Primary Prevention of Chronic Diseases of Lifestyle (CDL)

(Guidelines, Manuals and Instructions)
(File type: pdf; size: 74.27 KB)Department of Health (National) (The Government of South Africa)
Information on what elderly people can do to prevent the onset of debilitating chronic illnesses associated with lifestyle. Preventative measures suggested include exercising, controlling the consumption of tobacco and alcohol and a healthy diet.

National Guidelines on Stroke and Transient Ischaemic Attack Management

(Guidelines, Manuals and Instructions)
(File type: pdf; size: 368.5 KB)Department of Health (National) (The Government of South Africa)
Steps that can be taken to prevent strokes and ischaemic attacks, as well as invaluable information for health professionals and family members on how to care for stroke patients.

National Guidelines on the Management of Asthma in Adults at Primary Level

(Guidelines, Manuals and Instructions)
(File type: pdf; size: 397.3 KB)Department of Health (National) (The Government of South Africa)
These guidelines help health professionals diagnose asthma and also assist them with developing a partnership with patients so that the disease can be managed successfully. Patients are encouraged to take responsibility for their own health and are shown how to prevent asthma attacks.

National Programme for Control and Management of Diabetes Type 2 at Primary Level

(Guidelines, Manuals and Instructions)
(File type: pdf; size: 98.61 KB)Department of Health (National) (The Government of South Africa)
A publication for people with diabetes and for health professionals so that Diabetes Type 2 is accurately diagnosed, treated and prevented at primary healthcare level. The guidelines also indicate when it may be necessary to refer the patient to a more specialised level of care.

What is Asthma?

(Public Information)
This publication includes information on symptoms, causes and treatment of asthma. It also provides information on the prevalence of asthma in South Africa.