Dictionary: J

Definitions for government terms, listed alphabetically.
Judgment - Legal decision made by a judge or magistrate.
Judicial Services Commission (JSC) - This Commission advises government on matters relating to cours, for example the appointment of judges.
Judiciary - The Courts that enforce laws and protect the rights guaranteed in the Constitution. This branch of government is independent from the legislature and the executive.
Jurisdiction - The area over which an authority has legal or other control and the matters that it has the power to deal with.

For example the Magistrate's Court has jurisdiction over any minor crimes committed in the area around the court.

Justice system - The system of courts, prosecutors and police that is responsible for administering justice.
Juvenile - Person under the age of 18.
Juvenile Courts - Special courts that decide cases where a young person is accused of committing a crime.