Legislation: Frequently Asked Questions
- What is a Bill?
- What is an Act?
- How is legislation formulated?
- What is the key role of the provincial legislature?
- Where is the Provincial Legislature?
A Bill is the draft version of a law or Act. It may be proposing either an entirely new Act, or an amendment to an existing Act, or it can simply repeal an existing Act.
An Act is a constitutional plan passed by the legislature that is referred to as a 'Bill' until ratified to become a law.
There are a few ways in which legislation is initiated.
- By a Provincial Minister: The most common way in which Provincial Bills are drawn up are by a Provincial Minister, with the support of his ministry and department.
- By a Member of the Provincial Legislature (MPL): Bills drawn up by individual Members are called Private Members Bills. A Committee concerned with Members' legislature proposals decides whether the Bill meets certain criteria (which could include financial implications) and can be introduced into the House.
- By a Committee: Parliament has recently drafted rules and procedures enabling a Committee to initiate a Bill.