Western Cape DSD observes World Day against Trafficking in Persons
On the 30 July each year, governments across the globe observe World Day against Trafficking in Persons.
Human trafficking is a global phenomenon that requires a global solution.
The United Nations (UN) adopted the World Day against Trafficking in Persons, to raise awareness encourage vigilance and gain support for prevention of human trafficking, and also why they have produced a protocol to punish human trafficking and are hoping to implement this globally, as well as an act to protect victims of trafficking.
The Western Cape Department of Social Development (DSD), through its Victim Empowerment Programme, is responsible for providing support services for victims of human trafficking that includes safe and secure accommodation, psycho-social support and empowerment of victims of crime and violence.
During the 2021/2022 financial year, 13 victims of human trafficking were supported by the department’s shelters.
What is human trafficking?
It is the buying & selling of people for the purposes of exploitation. It is a serious crime and a grave violation of human rights.
Men, women & children are trafficked for a variety of exploitative purposes.
These reasons can include:
- domestic servitude – where victims are forced to do domestic work for little or no pay, there are often abused and are not free to leave out of their own free will;
- labour exploitation – where victims are forced to work; exploitation in the sex industry or sex trafficking – where victims are forced into prostitution;
- harvesting of body parts;
- illegal adoption;
- baby trafficking;
- non-consensual ukuthwala;
- forced begging;
- child soldiers; forced military service;
- forced marriage and
- debt bondage – forced to work as means to repay a loan.
How does trafficking happen?
Trafficking rings use a network of people which can include taxi drivers; recruiters; farm owners; landlords; people who threaten families or buying services of victims to recruit victims of human trafficking.
Victims are identified using the vulnerable circumstances that they find themselves in. These vulnerabilities may include: poverty, desire for a better life; unemployment and lack of education.
Trafficking rings use force, fraud, deception, acceptance of offer to travel e.g. an offer of an all-expenses paid trip as methods to lure victims into human trafficking.
When victims arrive at the new location the following are common occurrences:
Their passports and identity documents are taken away; they are forced to use drugs; they are abused and raped and fear is instilled in them through threats to their own or their family’s safety.
Where to go for Help?
- The Human Trafficking Resource Line: 0800 222 777
- Gender-Based Violence Command Centre: Call 0800 428 428 or dial *120*7867#
- National Shelter Movement (24 hour line): 0800 001 005
- Police: 10111
- Department of Social Development Toll Free line: 0800 220 250
- Department of Social Development Email: GBV365DAYS@westerncape.gov.za / SD.CustomerCare@westerncape.gov.za
- SASSA 0800 60 10 11
For more information about our other services, please refer to the Western Cape Department’s Website below: